By Neil J. Smelser (auth.), T. Huppes (eds.)
In fresh years economics has been the topic of more and more serious feedback. It has failed either to foretell and to counteract the industrial challenge now aftlicting approximately the entire Western global. monetary existence is extra disrupted than ever: - the speed of inflation has risen alarmingly - unemployment has now not been as excessive because the Nineteen Thirties - monetary development is stagnating - there's expanding competition to the inequality within the distribution of source of revenue and wealth, on anational scale as weIl as on the planet at huge - the method of monetary integration (EEC, GATT, UNCTAD) is being thwarted - programmes of financial improvement within the 3rd international haven't produced the specified results - etcetera. evidently, it should no longer be reasonable to place the blame for the challenge on fiscal technological know-how. however the current trouble does demand severe attention of the !imitations of monetary rationalization. one of the social sciences, economics is surely the main complicated self-discipline. Its very sophistication, even though, leads it to summary from social phenomena resembling norms, associations, energy, clash and social swap. hence the happen effect of sociological variables at the process fiscal strategies continues to be hidden. Dominating this ebook as a drumbeat is the conviction held by means of the various authors c1earer seize of the present difficulties can be received if economists and sociologists are ready to co-operate extra heavily. An interdisciplinary method is warranted; the excellence among the social sciences might be much less sharply drawn.
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Extra resources for Economics and Sociology: Towards an Integration
No science without abstraction ; each discipline involves leaving certain aspects of reality out of consideration. However, in many problems economists are confronted with, sociological variables play an important part. In these cases an interdisciplinary perspective is desirable. Desirable indeed, but not easy. For one thing, within the field of sociology, there are all sorts of different theories and definitions concerning the subject matter of this multi-paradigmatic discipline. Economics present a more uniform picture.
23 This does not imply, by the way, that social control is always experienced as a constraint or as a restriction of one 's liberty. On the contrary, conforming man may be hardly aware of a thing like social control. Re takes conformity for granted in the same way a fish takes water for granted, without realizing that life outside is impossible .. Romans view of social control is based on his concept of social exchange: 'Control is the process by which, if a man departs from his present degree of obedience to a norm, his behaviour is brought back toward that degree ...
A number of propositions derived from behavioural psychology have taken their place. For example: 'the more often a man has, in the recent past, received arewarding activity from another, the Iess valuable any further unit of that activity becomes to hirn'. It is interesting to notice that Homans by introducing his propositions, undermines the inductive base of his theory. His theory of exchange is buHt up on a number of behaviouristic assumptions. Hypotheses about sociaI life are deduced and confronted with empiricaI data.
Economics and Sociology: Towards an Integration by Neil J. Smelser (auth.), T. Huppes (eds.)