Download e-book for kindle: Economics and Information by Pascal Petit (auth.), Pascal Petit (eds.)

By Pascal Petit (auth.), Pascal Petit (eds.)

ISBN-10: 1441949259

ISBN-13: 9781441949257

ISBN-10: 1475733674

ISBN-13: 9781475733679

The proposal of knowledge is multifaceted. in line with the case, it's a uncomplicated sign or already wisdom. lt responds to codes and is inscribed right into a social dating. There are essentially many views which the social sciences can take to examine the suggestion of data. The economic system can't account for almost all of events the place, within the actions of creation, intake or trade, the thought of data reveals itself implied, even though each one college of notion has its personal realizing of the suggestion of data. This publication takes this remark as a kick off point and is going directly to make clear a latest debate at the economic climate of data which is still relatively imprecise, applying the ways that various theoretical methods care for details. to grab the character and scope of the changes in our societies, a outcome of our new methods of dealing with, stocking and circulating details within the workings of the markets like organizations, this type of theoretical workout turns out necessary. The corporation of the e-book effects from this selection. The contributions accumulated in a single half take care of the position of knowledge within the functioning of the markets, these that includes in one other are extra drawn to the companies. To favour an enriching cross-reading of methods constructed within the sections already noted, we've preceded those with a bit amassing ways (which are extra transversal) constructing assorted theories of knowledge (according to views that are, respectively, systematic, statistical or strategic).

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Extra resources for Economics and Information

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Et Riley J. l375-1421. Kuliback S. (1959), Information and Statistics, New York, Wiley. Laffont G. 2, Paris, Economica. J. (1982), Theorie de l'information et economie, Paris, Economica. Langlois R. et Garrouste P. (1997), "Cognition, Redundancy and Learning in Organizations", Economics of Innovation and New Technology, 4 :287-299. Lesourne J. 'ordre et du desordre, Paris: Economica. L. (1986) (ed), Intelligence des mecanismes, mecanismes de l'intelligence, Paris, Fayard. Maturana H. (1970), "The neurophysiology of cognition", in Garvin, P.

If H is the quantity of information transrnitted by both the substructures, two extreme cases are possible : H = H(yi)+H(y2) H = H(yi) = H(y2) In the first case, the two elements are independent that is to say that there is no constraint between them. In the second case the constraints are so important that the information corning from one element is sufficient to know all about the second. Such an analysis can be applied to an organization if each substructure is an individual or a group of individuals exchanging information.

Indeed if the information given by x is not sufficient to know y then there is an ambiguity which is measured by H(y/x). The "equivocation" is the opposite situation where the output message is known and where the uncertainty is conceming the input message. The equivocation is then measured by H(x/y). Before a message is transrnitted, it needs to be coded. Indeed it is the very problern Shannon tries to solve in the article he presents before the Macy group. He thinks that the redundancy is able to reduce both the quantity of information and the negative effect of noise.

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