By Pira International Ltd, Hamish Mackenzie
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Additional info for Developments in Book Printing
On-demand printing offers many advantages but they can be grouped into four broad categories: Efficiency: books can be produced and distributed much more quickly than by offset printing, often in 12–36 hours instead of 2–3 weeks. This allows publishers to release more titles and printers to fulfil more orders in a given time. Economic: books can be produced at a fixed cost per copy in exactly the quantity required. Publishers can eliminate the costs to produce, store and pulp excess inventory, and printers can cut their spending on paper, ink and power.
To overcome this, the paper is creased before it is fully folded; this reduces the impact on the paper. Folders can also be attached to a digital web-fed press to smooth the workflow between the press and the binding machine. Stitching After cutting and folding, the book pages have to be joined together; this is often done by stitching, usually on a saddle stitcher. Saddle stitchers take sets of multi-page book sections or signatures and stitch them together with a cover to create a book. Typical Page 37 © Copyright Pira International Ltd 2007 Developments in Book Printing Book finishing: the modern post-press process stitchers have a trimmer that removes the folded edges from the signatures.
The plate is exposed inside the printing machinery for all the required colours in a single pass. The book is then printed using the standard offset process, but finishing often has to be completed separately. On-press imaging delivers shorter turnaround times but it still suffers some of the disadvantages of offset printing. It has helped offset printing companies to defend their business against digital and on-demand printers, but it tends to compete only on larger projects where there is a marginal decision between offset and digital.
Developments in Book Printing by Pira International Ltd, Hamish Mackenzie