Crystals: Growth, Morphology, and Perfection - download pdf or read online

By Ichiro Sunagawa

ISBN-10: 0521714796

ISBN-13: 9780521714792

A readable and informative review of the technological know-how of crystal development for complex scholars and researchers.

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Additional resources for Crystals: Growth, Morphology, and Perfection

Sample text

Heat transfer is the driving force required for atomic * In chemistry, the term recrystallization has a different meaning; it implies the purification process by solution and recrystallization. 2. An imaginary phase diagram of a solution with solvent component A and solute component B. Due to the solute–solvent interaction energy, the melting point of the solution is lowered from that of the pure solute and solvent components to the eutectic point. This phase diagram shows that a crystal may be grown at a much lower temperature than in melt phase growth by preparing a solution, and that the resulting crystal is determined not by which component has the higher melting point, but by the composition of the solution.

E. on the crystallographic directions. It also varies depending on the crystal species, the temperature, and the driving force. Increasing the temperature or driving force will cause a smooth interface to change into a rough interface. The transition point that exists in going from a smooth to a rough interface as the temperature increases is called a roughening transition. The existence of roughening transitions has been demonstrated by computer simulation. A roughening transition resulting from increasing driving force is called a kinetic roughening transition.

Kossel crystal. nucleation becomes important. This is because the growth mechanism will be different depending on whether the interface is atomically rough or smooth. e. a kink. Kossel [8] and Stranski [9] were the first to focus attention on the interface structure, after considering the experimental results obtained by Volmer [10], who demonstrated the existence of surface diffusion. It thus became possible to discuss the mechanism of crystal growth at an atomic level, starting from these analyses.

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Crystals: Growth, Morphology, and Perfection by Ichiro Sunagawa

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