By Manfred Pienemann
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Additional resources for Cross-Linguistic Aspects of Processability Theory (Studies in Biligualism)
This is not the case in the acquisition of German as L2. The two rules were not found to closely interlock. I found the same in a longitudinal study of the acquisition of child GSL (Pienemann 1981). The issue is how to explain these differences. In Clahsen and Muysken’s (1986) view, all of these differences are due to the fact that children have access to universal grammar while adults do not. 38 (2137-2185) Manfred Pienemann the target language. This implies that L1 learners are able to discover the underlying word order for German, whereas L2 learners simply infer the canonical sentence schema of German which reflects a syntactic feature of the surface structure of the target language.
This position has become known as the Fundamental Difference Hypothesis (Bley-Vroman 1990). Clahsen and Meisel are the scholars who have produced the most explicit accounts of explanations of L2 acquisition which are conceived as learning and processing strategies. Clahsen and Muysken (1986) view the relationship of explanandum and explanans roughly as in Figure 7. 36 (2065-2085) Manfred Pienemann UG Strategies L1 L2 Figure 7. Clahsen and Muysken’s view of the relationship between explanandum and explanans Processability Theory Development L1 L2 Linguistic Knowledge Source of Knowledge Figure 8.
In the revised version of LFG (cf. Bresnan 2001), a(rgument) structure has been formally incorporated as one of a set of three parallel structures entailed in LFG. In fact, a-structure corresponds neatly with conceptual structure in Levelt’s (1989) model of language generation. In the context of this summary we will not utilise the new features of LFG since the purpose of the summary is to present PT in its 1998 format which was based on the original version of LFG. In Chapter 7 of this volume the revised and extended LFG framework will be utilised to extend the PT hierarchy.
Cross-Linguistic Aspects of Processability Theory (Studies in Biligualism) by Manfred Pienemann