By Tim Newburn
As crime more and more crosses nationwide barriers, and foreign co-operation takes less assailable form, so the advance of principles and coverage at the keep an eye on of crime has develop into an more and more overseas and transnational affair. those advancements name consciousness not only to the various issues of convergence within the languages and practices of crime keep an eye on but in addition to their chronic ameliorations. This booklet is anxious either with the very particular factor of 'policy move' in the crime keep an eye on enviornment, and with the problems raised by means of a extra largely conceptualized inspiration of comparative coverage research. The contributions within the e-book study different ways that ostensibly related vocabularies, guidelines and practices are taken up and utilized within the specified settings they stumble upon.
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Extra info for Criminal Justice and Political Cultures
Some symbols and rhetorical signposts actually seem to act against the transport of the related crime policies. A rhetorical ‘war’ on crime or drugs has never been launched in Scandinavia, Germany or Australia, and the rhetorical figure of a ‘Drug Tsar’ has not entered the public dialogue, while there seems to be little hesitation in the UK to import such autocratic language from one of the oldest democracies in the world. Principles are contested between the public, politicians, the judiciary and the professionals within the criminal justice system.
Neighbourhood Watch is a quite common feature of community crime prevention in Britain, but has never been implemented in Germany with the exception of some projects that by no way can be rated as a success. The very idea of community volunteers who take up a mission of crime watch seems to appeal much less to the German public, which has a collective memory of such ‘volunteers’ in its totalitarian past, in particular in postcommunist Eastern Germany. Even if practices and technologies travel more or less on their own they need an institutional link to be ‘plugged in’, and these are existing practices and institutional patterns as well as the legal system that allow for or restrict their implementation.
The underclass was invented and deployed in the USA at the same time that welfare was being withdrawn as ‘counterproductive and costly’ – and in relation to a population that now could be defined as having become ‘dependent’, as having lost the will to work and the ability to make an enterprise of their lives. A governmental invention that, on the other hand, defined this population as a victim of global restructuring, as Bauman (2000) for example sees them, could well have rendered these people candidates for welfare inclusion and ‘empowerment’ rather than exclusion and incapacitation.
Criminal Justice and Political Cultures by Tim Newburn