By André N. Chouraqui
Original yr of publication: 1968
With the tragic destruction of valuable and East ecu Jewries, the Oriental Jewish groups have grown in significance within the balance-sheet of Jewish existence.
This publication is the results of two decades of study into the Jewish groups of North Africa and covers a interval of greater than thousand years within the historical past of these communities.
Though the origins of the North African Jewish groups are vague, one easy truth is obvious: Jews have been current and have been excited about the old improvement of that a part of the realm, specifically in the course of its domination by way of the Roman Empire, the reigns of the Vandals and Byzantines, and as much as the emergence and next conquest of that zone via the Moslems towards the tip of the 7th century. the writer deals a desirable research of this virtually unknown interval of North African Jewish history.
In the second one a part of the publication the writer discusses the heritage of the trendy Algerian, Tunisian, and Moroccan Jewish groups. simple proof emerge: the typical destiny which makes those numerous groups a unmarried unit, and their range of foundation and culture. the writer makes an attempt a cultural research of this range by way of offering a quick yet attention-grabbing exposition of the Oriental, Spanish, mystical, and Arab-Berber components of those groups, and an account in their reactions to fashionable developments and affects. for this reason, it seems that those groups, secluded till lately and trustworthy to their traditions, constituted while the most excellent examples of a rapid transition from the Oriental culture to the trendy world.
The writer offers us a cautious account of the background of those groups lower than French domination and describes their demographic constitution, their social alterations, and their folklore and traditions. His description of lifestyles within the ghetto is powerfuble and ambitious, and explains why the emancipation has taken at the personality of a social explosion.
Dr. Chouraqui, who used to be a private adviser of major Minister Ben Gurion at the query of integration, bargains a prepared research of the issues dealing with Jews of North Africa in Israel.
The e-book is obviously written and amply documented. It comprises quite a few statistical tables, felony texts, bibliographies, and indexes.
Between East and West is a beneficial contribution to our figuring out of “the forgotten million” that when comprised the nice Jewish groups of North Africa.
Source: Retail PDF through library. now not marked as retail as a result of removing of watermarks and navigation on the most sensible of every web page, yet nonetheless retail quality.
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Extra resources for Between East and West: A history of the Jews of North Africa
Twelve thousand Berber horsemen were conscripted, according to El Bayan, under the command of the sons of Kahena, and used to conquer the rest of the land and convert its inhabitants to Islam. The Nefusa, another tribe that had adopted Judaism, were treated in a similar manner. ”12 When they refused, a battle developed in which many of the Berbers were slain and the others were converted to Islam. 13 Surrender was henceforward accompanied by conversion to Islam and thus, toward the end of the seventh century, Islam began to make headway among the indigenous tribes.
Saint Jerome,23 whose authority on this subject is undisputed, and whose views were echoed by Priscian,24 commented on the similarity of the two sister languages. E. The second exile to Babylon was also accompanied by a westward migration. 27 The existence of Hebrew-speaking Jewish communities in North Africa substantiates the theory28 that they left Palestine before their original language, Hebrew, had been supplanted by Aramaic. E. understood. 29 The Jews of the Maghreb maintained close ties with the Holy Land at all times.
The influence of Byzantium failed to penetrate to any appreciable extent and the Berbers, hostile to the Roman Empire and to its religion, were continuously hovering around the borders of Byzantine territory which were only a short distance inland from the coast. The enfeeblement of Byzantium, and the seeming incompatibility between the spirit of the Berbers and that of decadent Rome, created a void in the area which was filled by the approach of a new conqueror. Part 2 The Rule of Jslam 4 The Moslem Conquest of the Maghreb: 642–ca.
Between East and West: A history of the Jews of North Africa by André N. Chouraqui