New PDF release: Behavioral Approaches to Medicine: Application and Analysis

By J. Regis McNamara (auth.), J. Regis McNamara (eds.)

ISBN-10: 1461591228

ISBN-13: 9781461591221

ISBN-10: 1461591244

ISBN-13: 9781461591245

BEHAVIORAL medication: an idea . . . As one of many first volumes on behavioral drugs, the authors and editor of this article undergo targeted accountability for putting the improvement of this new box in an historic and conceptual viewpoint with reference to the myriad occasions presently tak­ ing position in biobehavioral techniques to actual wellbeing and fitness and disorder. spotting that the fundamental suggestions embodied in behavioral drugs are at the very least numerous thousand years previous begs the query of ways behavioral medication deals not just a brand new viewpoint yet a in all likelihood extra effective method of the various age-old difficulties in regards to the upkeep of healthiness and the prevention, diag­ nosis, and therapy of, and rehabilitation from, sickness. One needs to glance not just on the ancient antecedents of the sector but additionally on the contemporaneous occasions happen­ ring in comparable components at the social and political in addition to the biomedical and behavioral degrees to completely understand the importance of this stream, which has unique itself "behavioral medication. " l", C. 'c. V! The prior forty years have noticeable the emergence, improvement, and slow decli~eJof behavioral medicine's so much quick predecessor, psychosomatic drugs. contemporary articles via Engel (1977), Lipowski (1977), Weiner (1977), and Leigh and Reiser (1977), attest to the disappointment and predicament of prime theorists in psychosomatic drugs in regards to the way forward for this field.

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Example text

Machen and Johnson (1974) conducted a study examining the effects of a modified desensitization procedure and modeling on the dental behavior of children. The desensitization procedure involved gradual presentation of a hierarchy of anxiety-provoking items by a therapist who encouraged verbal interaction between the children and him/herself. Children in the modeling condition viewed a film of a child exhibiting positive behavior during the dental treatment and being positively reinforced by the dentist for appropriate behaviors.

Thus, the incentive procedure appeared to be the most cost-beneficial. Additionally, follow-up data indicated that the families in the incentive condition made more visits and completed dental care significantly more often than the subjects in the other two groups. Finnerty, Shaw, and Himmelsback (1973) assessed several additional factors in their report of success in reducing the percentage of hypertensive patients who failed to keep their screening referral appointment. Their interventions included personal contact, home visits, and scheduling of the appointment 24-48 hours after the screening.

Barnes, M. R. Token economy control of fluid overload in a patient receiving hemodialysis. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 1976,7,305-306. Becker, M. , & Maiman, L. A. Sociobehavioral determinants of compliance with health and medical care recommendations. Medical Care, 1975, 13, 10-24. , & Griffiths, R. Maintaining disulfiran ingestion among outpatient alcoholics: A security deposit contingency contracting procedure. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 1976,14,378-381. , & Somers, A.

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Behavioral Approaches to Medicine: Application and Analysis by J. Regis McNamara (auth.), J. Regis McNamara (eds.)


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