By Dana M. Britton
Whilst most folk examine prisons, they think chaos, violence, and essentially, an environment of overwhelming brute masculinity. yet actual prisons not often healthy the “Big condo” stereotype of well known movie and literature. One 5th of all correctional officials are ladies, and the speed at which girls are imprisoned is starting to be swifter than that of fellows. but, regardless of expanding numbers of ladies prisoners and officials, rules approximately felony existence and criminal paintings are sill ruled through an exaggerated picture of men’s prisons the place inmates supposedly fight for actual dominance.In a unprecedented comparative research of men’s and women’s prisons, Dana Britton identifies the criteria that impact the gendering of the yank place of work, a technique that regularly leaves girls in lower-paying jobs with much less status and responsibility.In interviews with dozens of female and male officials in 5 prisons, Britton explains how gender shapes their daily paintings reports. Combining criminology, penology, and feminist thought, she bargains a thorough new argument for the patience of gender inequality in prisons and different firms. At paintings within the Iron Cage demonstrates the significance of the felony as a website of gender kinfolk in addition to social keep an eye on.
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Additional resources for At Work in the Iron Cage: The Prison as Gendered Organization
M’Callum, Parchman’s first physician, “and keeping them at the labor required of them” (quoted in Oshinsky 1996: 151). Even given high levels of brutality and overwork, conditions on prison farms were not as appalling as those in the leasing camps. Convicts were generally fed well and housed in permanent structures. They enjoyed other “benefits” as well—Parchman farm was the first prison in America to introduce the privilege of conjugal visits. Initially, these were allowed only for black male inmates, a practice justified on the basis of their supposedly more “highly sexed” nature (Oshinsky 1996).
To reformers, the advantages of the institutions were external, and they hardly imagined that life inside the prison might rehabilitate the criminal. . The fact of imprisonment, not its internal routine, was of chief importance. (1990: 62) Indeed, though many institutions constructed before 1820 were called “penitentiaries,” that is, places in which the errant might repent and be transformed, none had in place a rehabilitative program (Rothman 1990). This changed with the inauguration of the “science” of penology through the introduction of two rival systems of prison discipline.
Administrators of early institutions eschewed brutal corporal punishments and successfully instituted training and education programs designed to transform their charges in accord with the prescriptions of middle-class femininity. The legacy of the feminine model of care they established has never been completely eclipsed. Even today many women’s prisons still emulate the cottage model and bear other marks of their development along a gendered track separate from the equally gendered path that produced men’s institutions.
At Work in the Iron Cage: The Prison as Gendered Organization by Dana M. Britton