By Edward Cortright
Offered along side the fortieth anniversary of the lunar touchdown, this new version of an authentic NASA booklet provides the exciting within tale of the Apollo software. Written in direct, jargon-free language and that includes quite a few illustrations, this compelling experience beneficial properties essays via engineers, directors, and astronauts that keep in mind the demanding situations linked to placing males at the moon.
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Additional resources for Apollo Expeditions to the Moon
We believed that we would need three men on the trip to do all the work required, even before the complexity of the landing was added. We believed that man would be able to stand a zero-gravity environment for the time required to go to the Moon and return. We had decided that an oxygen atmosphere of 5 pounds per square inch was the best engineering compromise for a system that would permit extravehicular activity without another module for an airlock. Other basic decisions included the selection of an onboard navigation system as well as the ground-based system, and controlled reentry to reduce g-loads and give pinpoint landings.
They were test pilots who volunteered to fly a spacecraft—similar to the model shown—that had not yet been built. Animals flew first, paving the way for man. Chimpanzees were physiologically manlike and easily trained. The Air Force’s Aeromedical Field Laboratory provided them. Custom-made couches were provided for the chimpanzees before their flights. Sensors attached to the animals and instruments in the spacecraft greatly reduced uncertainty about the effects of severe g-loads on the body of an astronaut.
It is a tribute to the innate good sense of our citizens that enough of a consensus was obtained to see the effort through to success. THE GOAL OF APOLLO The Apollo requirement was to take off from a point on the surface of the Earth that was traveling 1000 miles per hour as the Earth rotated, to go into orbit at 18,000 miles an hour, to speed up at the proper time to 25,000 miles an hour, to travel to a body in space 240,000 miles distant which was itself traveling 2000 miles per hour relative to the Earth, to go into orbit around this body, and to drop a specialized landing vehicle to its surface.
Apollo Expeditions to the Moon by Edward Cortright