By Kathrin H. Rosenfield, Charles B. Duff
Following Friedrich Hölderlin’s insights, the writer unearths an not noted ancient aspect – the epiclerate – that makes Antigone the heiress to the throne of Thebes. Creon’s activities collect new that means, as does Antigone’s resistance, and a nearly Hitchcockian drama emerges from subtleties within the Greek textual content. Hölderlin brings us totally rounded characters, and we consider the joys of genuine tragedy. Rosenfield argues that Hölderlin can have come in the direction of the spirit of Sophocles and the Athenian enlightenment than later, extra scholarly, translators and critics, an issue that redeems a misunderstood translation of a big Romantic writer and demonstrates comparative method of literature – realizing a German poet’s method of a Greek tragedy –can raise inventive excitement and deepen our realizing of the customarily unusual Greek mentality. Rosenfield's Antigone is now to be had to an English talking viewers for the 1st time. It features a particular preface for the English variation and some stylistic adjustments making the essay more uncomplicated to learn for a public now not known with the tips of German Idealism.
The paintings of Sophocles has parallels with glossy outlooks, even if fifth-century Athens was once very diversified from our international. Rosenfield's aspect of departure is a detailed studying of Friederich Hölderlin's translation that makes those parallels believable. She exhibits that poetic intelligence could be as precious a serious device as old or philological wisdom. Following Hölderlin, she finds a ancient element up to now omitted, the epiclerate, some degree of Greek legislations that provides Antigone political value and offers the play a fully-rounded tragic plot, ambiguous and paradoxical. Antigone isn't really an blameless virgin sacrificed by means of a power-thirsty villain. She is a fierce and unsettling heroine in a nearly hitchcockian drama. development on Hölderlin, Rosenfield brings out what's 'modern' in classical Greek drama: the judgment of right and wrong of everlasting unsettling shifts in human activities, intentions and emotions, the gripping, unstated secrets and techniques hidden within the ironies of the Greek textual content. Her scholarly argument indicates that Hölderlin can have come towards the spirit of Sophocles, Themistocles and Pericles than later, extra scholarly, translators and critics.
Kathrin H. Rosenfield is a professor within the college of Literatura and Philosophy on the Federal collage of Rio Grande do Sul in Brazil. expert in Salzburg, Vienna, and Paris, she has lengthy mixed literary feedback with a tradition in psychotherapy and an lively occupation within the theatre. Her booklet Desenveredando Rosa received Brazil’s optimum literary award in 2007. diverse models of her ebook on Sophocles´ Antigone were released in Brazil (L&PM, Porto Alegre, 2000, Zahar, Rio de Janeiro, 2002, Topbooks, Rio de Janeiro, 2006) and France (Galilee, 2001).
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Additional resources for Antigone: Sophocles' Art, Hölderlin's Insight
37 them, to compare them, finally to pull them all together into a new and consistent interpretation. There is no prettiness or lazy pleasure. Not until the twentieth century would authors require their readers to do so much work. He invites his readers to step outside the conventions and beliefs of their generation and confront a work of art that is irreducibly but magnificently strange. Holy Vileness (Hosia panourgesasa) What is the meaning of Antigone’s action? 10 The formula “hosia panourgesasa” expresses the paradoxical linkage of the most saintly nobility (hosios) with a dark and degrading villainy.
The chorus believes that these exist and should exist, but Hölderlin is concerned to show that some relationships are good and others bad. The three myths in the song become, for him, examples of success and failure in these relationships, and they illuminate what is for him the central issue in the tragedy of Antigone, the failure of men and gods to form good relationships throughout the history of Thebes. First is the story of Danae. Hölderlin begins his interpretation of the song very subtly, with the measurement of time.
9. Loraux-Mazon, p. 2, note 1. 10. P. ” 11. 15–18. 12. OCT, 13–14, 21, 55–57, 143–146, 264, 557–558, 561, 770, 989, 1345. —I believe in an “absolute rhythm,” a rhythm, that is, in poetry which corresponds exactly to the emotion or shade of emotion to be expressed. A man’s rhythm must be interpretative, it will be, therefore, in the end, his own, uncounterfeiting, uncounterfeitable. —Ezra Pound, Credo It is dawn. Although Antigone has heard of Creon’s decree forbidding burial, and discussed it in darkness with Ismene, the old men of Thebes do not yet know of it.
Antigone: Sophocles' Art, Hölderlin's Insight by Kathrin H. Rosenfield, Charles B. Duff