Download e-book for iPad: Anti-Judaism and Christian Orthodoxy: Ephrem's Hymns in by Christine Shepardson

By Christine Shepardson

ISBN-10: 0813215366

ISBN-13: 9780813215365

The politically embroiled and sharply divided Council of Nicaea (325) supplied a turbulent commencing to Christianity's fight for self-definition within the political enviornment. Questions of final fact apart, those that may possibly legally declare the name of Christian orthodoxy have been these whose teachings had the backing of the emperor's felony and armed forces authority. regardless of the concrete judgements of 325 and the ecumenical council's try and create an imperial orthodoxy, the many years that witnessed ongoing battles among these Christians who supported the council's consequence and those that didn't. This ebook investigates the complicated anti-Jewish and anti-Judaizing rhetoric of Ephrem, a fourth-century poet, deacon, and theologian from jap Roman Syria whose Syriac-language writings stay surprising and linguistically inaccessible to centuries of students who examine the well known Greek and Latin writings of his contemporaries. A severe examining of Ephrem's a number of poetic writings demonstrates that his sharp anti-Jewish and anti-Judaizing language helped to solidify a pro-Nicene definition of Christian orthodoxy, removing from that neighborhood within the very act of defining it his so-called Judaizing and Arian Christian rivals, either one of whom he accused of being extra like Jews than Christians. via rigorously crafted rhetoric, Ephrem developed for his viewers new social and theological parameters that reshaped the non secular panorama of his group. This booklet indicates that the anti-Jewish polemic of Ephrem's hymns represents his calculated efforts to depart his Syrian congregation without possible substitute yet to comply to the Council of Nicaea, his personal version for Christian orthodoxy.Comparing Ephrem's texts with the modern Greek writings of Athanasius, the well known bishop of Alexandria, Christine Shepardson unearths the numerous function that anti-Jewish rhetoric performed extra largely during this severe fourth-century theological clash, and demonstrates that long-ignored Syriac-speaking Christians reminiscent of Ephrem participated absolutely within the fierce fight to outline Christian orthodoxy for the Roman Empire.

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Ep. Barn. 4 (cf. Justin Martyr, Dial. 12). 27. See, for example, Justin Martyr, Dial. 97, 112, 123; Didascalia 21, 26. See also Daniel Boyarin, Carnal Israel: Reading Sex in Talmudic Culture (Berkeley: University of California Press, 993); David Brakke, "Jewish Flesh and Christian Spirit in Athanasius of Alexandria," JECS 9, no. 4 (2001): 453-81. 28. Justin Martyr, Dial. 12,14,16,18, 44,135; Ep. Barn. Jn. 9. 1 29. Origen, C. CeU. 15; Didascalia 30. Justin Martyr, First Juster, Lesjuifs dans I'empire Apol.

4. See, for example, Edmund Beck, Ephraems Reden, 118-19; Stanley Kazan, "Isaac of Antioch's Homily against the Jews, Continued," OrChr 47 (1963): 89-90; Stephen D. Benin, "Com­ mandments, Covenants and the Jews in Aphrahat, Ephrem and Jacob of Sarug," in Approaches to Judaism in Medieval Times, ed. David R. : Scholars Press, 1984), 143. One exception to this opinion is S. Krauss's early work ("The Jews in the Works of the Church Fathers," JQR 6 [1894]: 82-99), which maintained that Ephrem's anti-Jewish polemic was a theo­ logical response and that Ephrem hardly ever came into contact with any Jews, an argument that was denounced by Kazan, "Isaac" (1963), 92.

Stanford University, 1993); Naomi Koltun-Fromm, "A Jewish-Christian Conversation in Fourth-Century Persian Mesopota­ mia," JJS 47 (1996): 45-63; Adam Becker, "Anti-Judaism and Care for the Poor in Aphrahat's Demonstration 20," JECS10, no. 3 (2002): 305-27. See also S. " 8. See Stern, Greek and Latin. The beginnings of Christian anti-Judaism are a matter of some debate, specifically the question of whether (and to what extent) it is the perpetuation of ear­ lier Greek and Roman polemic. See, for example, J.

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Anti-Judaism and Christian Orthodoxy: Ephrem's Hymns in Fourth-century Syria (Patristic Monograph Series 20) by Christine Shepardson

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