Download e-book for kindle: Ancient Jewish Sciences and the History of Knowledge in by Seth L. Sanders, Jonathan Ben-Dov

By Seth L. Sanders, Jonathan Ben-Dov

ISBN-10: 147982304X

ISBN-13: 9781479823048

Until very lately, the assumption of historical Jewish sciences may were thought of unacceptable. because the 1990’s, Early glossy and Medieval technology in Jewish resources has been actively studied, however the consensus was once that no genuine medical subject matters will be present in previous Judaism. This paintings issues them out intimately, and posits a brand new box of analysis: the clinical job obvious within the useless Sea Scrolls and Early Jewish Pseudepigrapha. The e-book of latest texts and new analyses of older ones finds the most important components which are most sensible illuminated by means of the background of technology, and should have fascinating outcomes for it. The members evaluation those texts relating to astronomy, astrology and physiognomy, marking the 1st complete try and account for clinical topics in moment Temple Judaism. They examine the which means and objective of medical explorations in an apocalyptic environment. An appreciation of those subject matters paves how you can a renewed realizing of the medical fragments scattered all through rabbinic literature.
 
The publication first locations the Jewish fabric within the historic context of the close to jap and Hellenistic worlds. whereas the Jewish texts weren't at the leading edge of clinical discovery, they discover a significant position within the background of technological know-how, among Babylonia and Egypt, within the period of time among Hipparchus and Ptolemy. The booklet makes use of contemporary advances in way to learn the contacts and networks of Jewish students of their historic atmosphere. moment, the essays right here take on the frustrating idea of a countrywide clinical culture. even if technology is these days usually conceived as common, the historiography of historic Jewish sciences demonstrates the significance of seeing the advance of technological know-how in an area context. The publication explores the stress among the hegemony of principal clinical traditions and native medical organizations, displaying the relevance of historical information to modern postcolonial historiography of technology. eventually, philosophical questions of the demarcation of technology are addressed in a manner that may develop the dialogue of comparable old materials.
 
Online version available as a part of the NYU Library's old international electronic Library and in partnership with the Institute for the research of the traditional global (ISAW).

 

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Additional info for Ancient Jewish Sciences and the History of Knowledge in Second Temple Literature

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8 B. Solar data: The annual course of the sun, month by month, is the subject of the opening chapter in the Ethiopic version (ch. 72). There the sun, like the moon and stars, moves through the six gates on the eastern and western horizons during a year of twelve months. Each month consists of 30 days except numbers 3, 6, 9, and 12 that have a thirty-first day for a total of 364 days. Several times in the book Henryk Drawnel, “Moon Computation in the Aramaic Astronomical Book,” RQ 23/89 (2007): 3-41; see pp.

The founders of Qumran were associated with the school, or the circle, in the Jerusalem Temple which had preserved and studied the Enochic literature, and they brought copies of the texts with them from there to Qumran. Be this as it may, if my analysis is even half correct, then it points to a rather interesting conclusion. Sometime in the late Persian period, say around 450-400 BCE, under the influence of Persian and, ultimately, of Babylonian ideas, Jews for the first time became interested in producing scientific models of the workings of the natural world.

The result is a solar year of 364 days. See the fundamental discussion by Otto Neugebauer in The Book of Enoch or I Enoch (ed. M. Black; Leiden: Brill, 1985), 386-419. 23 36 Ancient Jewish Sciences All this may seem rather primitive and obvious, but we should not underestimate how revolutionary both in content and in method such a text must have seemed when it first appeared in Israel. 1 Enoch 72 belongs to the Book of the Heavenly Luminaries, the earliest section of 1 Enoch, and is probably to be dated to the late Persian period (around 400 BCE).

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Ancient Jewish Sciences and the History of Knowledge in Second Temple Literature by Seth L. Sanders, Jonathan Ben-Dov


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