Download PDF by L. Breuer, Dieter Baum: An Introduction to Queueing Theory: and Matrix-Analytic

By L. Breuer, Dieter Baum

ISBN-10: 1402036302

ISBN-13: 9781402036309

The textbook includes the files of a two-semester path on queueing idea, together with an creation to matrix-analytic equipment. The path is directed to final 12 months undergraduate and primary yr graduate scholars of utilized chance and machine technological know-how, who've already accomplished an advent to chance conception. Its goal is to offer fabric that's shut adequate to concrete queueing versions and their purposes, whereas supplying a valid mathematical origin for his or her research. A favourite a part of the ebook might be dedicated to matrix-analytic tools. this can be a choice of techniques which expand the applicability of Markov renewal how to queueing conception via introducing a finite variety of auxiliary states. For the embedded Markov chains this results in transition matrices in block shape reminiscent of the constitution of classical types. Matrix-analytic tools became relatively well known in queueing concept over the past two decades. The purpose to incorporate those in a scholars' creation to queueing thought has been the most motivation for the authors to jot down the current publication. Its objective is a presentation of crucial matrix-analytic thoughts like phase-type distributions, Markovian arrival techniques, the GI/PH/1 and BMAP/G/1 queues in addition to QBDs and discrete time techniques.

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Additional info for An Introduction to Queueing Theory: and Matrix-Analytic Methods

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N=0 tn n G n! G = eG·t G 45 Homogeneous Markov Processes on Discrete State Spaces and thus P (t) = eG·t is a solution of Kolmogorov’s forward and backward equations. Now we show uniqueness of the solution. Let P˜ (t) denote another solution of the forward equations. The differential equations with initial condition translate into the integral equations t P (t) = IE + P (u)G du and t P˜ (t) = IE + 0 P˜ (u)G du 0 Define a norm for matrices M = (mij )i,j∈E on E by ⎧ ⎫ ⎨ ⎬ M := sup |mij | : i ∈ E ⎩ ⎭ j∈E ˆ and AB ≤ A · B for any two matrices A and B on Then G ≤ 2 · λ E.

Pjn−1 ,jn (tn − tn−1 ) holds for all j1 , . . , jn ∈ E. The proof is left as an exercise. Thus a Markov process Y with transition probability matrices (P (t) : t ≥ 0) admits a variety of versions depending on the initial distribution π. Any such version shall be denoted by Y π . 2. Stationary Distribution From now on we shall convene on the technical assumption ˇ := inf{λi : i ∈ E} > 0 λ which holds for all queueing systems that we will examine. Then a Markov process is called irreducible, transient, recurrent or positive recurrent if the defining Markov chain is.

Using these, we can illustrate the dynamics of a Markov process in a directed graph where the nodes represent the states and an edge 43 Homogeneous Markov Processes on Discrete State Spaces ✛✘ ✛✘ ✛ r ✲ ✚✙ ✚✙ ✚✙ means that gij = r > 0. Such a graph is called a state transition graph of the Markov process. With the convention pii = 0 the state transition graph uniquely determines the Markov process. 1) is given by ✛✘ ✛✘ ✛ ✛ ✛✘ λ λ ✲ ✲ ✲ ✚✙ ✚✙ ✚✙ ✚✙ ✚✙ ... 2. 6 The transition probabilities Pij (t) of a Markov process satisfy the systems dP Pij (t) = Pik (t)gkj = gik Pkj (t) dt k∈E k∈E of differential equations.

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An Introduction to Queueing Theory: and Matrix-Analytic Methods by L. Breuer, Dieter Baum

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