By Pierre Van Der Eng
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Extra resources for Agricultural Growth in Indonesia: Productivity Change and Policy Impact since 1880
In Java it helped to diminish the impact of a fall in labour productivity and it more than compensated the decline of labour productivity in the Other Islands during those years. The labour-cattle ratio decreased considerably in the Other Islands during 1960-88, which implies a rise in the number of cattle per worker in agriculture. 7 per cent per year. The rapid increase in the stock of cattle was therefore most likely caused by the rapid expansion of beef cattle in the Other Islands during the 1980s.
4 Sectoral distribution of gross value added in agriculture, 1880-1989 1980s H Rice I | Other Food Crops • • Livestock mm Farm Cash Crops H i Estate Crops Note: Cumulative percentages, calculated as 10-year averages from GVA in current prices. Sources: Appendices 1 and 2. 19 Agricultural Growth and Productivity Change Other Islands. The main difference between Java and the Other Islands is that the share of non-rice food crops has remained much smaller in the Other Islands, and that cash crop production rather than estate production has increased considerably.
4 Sectoral contribution to growth of real gross value added in agriculture, 1880-1988 Java and Madura: Rice Other Food Crops Livestock Farm Cash Crops Estate Crops Other Islands: Rice Other Food Crops Livestock Farm Cash Crops Estate Crops Nnt/t' Pnntrihntinn 18801900 190020 192037 25 25 4 12 35 15 43 1 8 33 54 28 3 4 12 •52 27 23 3 29 17 23 5 2 36 34 19 8 12 9 i\ as- * 193760 196088 18801937 11 -164 -25 -39 318 65 24 2 2 8 32 33 2 7 26 66 29 2 3 -0 35 14 13 53 -16 34 14 1 20 30 27 12 3 32 26 34 14 3 23 26 (QT,-QTo) 193788 no In which Q* = gross value added in category A, QT = total gross value added and / and 0 indicate the end and the beginning of each period.
Agricultural Growth in Indonesia: Productivity Change and Policy Impact since 1880 by Pierre Van Der Eng