By Gelek Rimpoche Melvyn C. Goldstein
The "Tibetan Question," the character of Tibet's political prestige vis-?-vis China, has been the topic of usually bitterly competing perspectives whereas the evidence of the problem haven't been totally available to observers. whereas one faction has argued that Tibet used to be, frequently, traditionally self reliant until eventually it used to be conquered through the chinese language Communists in 1951 and included into the hot chinese language nation, the opposite faction perspectives Tibet as a conventional a part of China that cut up away on the instigation of the British after the autumn of the Manchu Dynasty and was once later dutifully reunited with "New China" in 1951. against this, this accomplished learn of contemporary Tibetan heritage provides a close, non-partisan account of the death of the Lamaist state.Drawing on a wealth of British, American, and Indian diplomatic files; first-hand-historical bills written by way of Tibetan members; and vast interviews with former Tibetan officers, monastic leaders, squaddies, and investors, Goldstein meticulously examines what occurred and why. He balances the normal specialize in diplomacy with an leading edge emphasis at the complicated internet of inner affairs and occasions that produced the autumn of Tibet. students and scholars of Asian heritage will locate this paintings a useful source and readers will savor the transparent rationalization of hugely polemicized, and infrequently complicated, old occasions.
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Additional info for A History of Modern Tibet, 1913 - 1951: The Demise of the Lamaist State
12] Shakabpa 1967: 172.  In 1793, the Manchu emperor decreed that the selection of the Dalai Lama and other high lamas such as the Panchen Lama was to be made by means of a lottery administered by the amban in Lhasa. In this lottery the names of the competing candidates were written on folded slips of paper which were placed in a golden urn. One of these was then picked blind. ― 45 ― dramatically altered the status quo: (1) the growth of British interest and relations with Tibet, culminating in the successful invasion of Tibet and Lhasa by the British in 1904; (2) the consequent efforts of the Chinese to reestablish control over Tibet, culminating in the military occupation of Lhasa in early 1910 by the Chinese general Chung Yin; and (3) the Chinese overthrow of the Manchu dynasty in 1911 and the mutiny of Chinese troops in Tibet.
The resulting Anglo-Chinese Convention of 1906 reaffirmed the Chinese position in Tibet and, except for economic involvement, virtually excluded the British. Thus, although British policy during these years succeeded in opening direct relations and in establishing a British presence in Tibet, because the invasion was not followed up politically it was a Pyrrhic victory, precipitating a new activist, annexationist Chinese policy toward Tibet. China, for the first time, now made a concerted effort to bring Tibet and the semiautonomous Tibetan chiefdoms of Eastern Tibet (Kham) under their direct control.
Since the Emperor had done everything on the recommendation of the Manchu Amban in Lhasa, without considering the independence of Tibet and the religious relationship between our two countries, I feel there is no further use in my negotiating directly with China. I have lost confidence in China and in finding any solution in consultation with the Chinese. I have contacted the British because the 1904 Convention permits us to deal directly with them. The Chinese are responsible for this action of mine.
A History of Modern Tibet, 1913 - 1951: The Demise of the Lamaist State by Gelek Rimpoche Melvyn C. Goldstein