Download e-book for iPad: A Concise History of Modern Europe: Liberty, Equality, by David S. Mason

By David S. Mason

ISBN-10: 1442205342

ISBN-13: 9781442205345

Highlighting the major occasions, principles, and members that experience formed glossy Europe, this clean and energetic ebook presents a succinct background of the continent from the Enlightenment to the current. Drawing at the enduring subject matter of revolution, David S. Mason explores the explanations and results of revolution: political, financial, and clinical; the advance of human rights; and problems with eu identification and integration. He intentionally avoids a close chronology of each nation and period of time through emphasizing the main the most important occasions in shaping modern Europe. Fourteen targeted chapters handle such topical concerns because the Enlightenment; the French Revolution and Napoleon; the economic Revolution; the theories and influence of Marx and Darwin; the revolutions of 1848, 1917, and 1989; the unifications of Germany and Italy; eu imperialism; the 2 global Wars; the chilly struggle and decolonization; and the evolution and enlargement of the eu Union. Any reader desiring a vast assessment of the sweep of eu background seeing that 1789 will locate this ebook, released in a primary version lower than the name Revolutionary Europe, an enticing and cohesive narrative.

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Still at war with the rest of Europe and facing continuing political ferment, the Directory increasingly came to rely for support on the military as its own political legitimacy waned. The directors themselves supported a coup d’état in late 1799, placing the levers of power in the hands of a dynamic young military officer named Napoleon Bonaparte. NAPOLEON AND EUROPE Napoleon had been made a general in 1793 at the age of twenty-four. Two years later, he made a name for himself by putting down a royalist uprising in Paris.

Those who opposed the Revolution were now classified as suspects subject to arrest and trial. ”1 The guillotine was the usual method of execution. Overall, about forty thousand people perished during the Terror. Within a year, the Terror had run its course, but not before consuming its own. 2 Charles Dickens on the Guillotine The legacy and meaning of the French Revolution are among the most hotly contested matters in all of history. It was, after all, a time of magnificent achievements but also of much suffering.

On July 14, a crowd of eighty thousand stormed the Bastille, the old royal prison, in hopes of seizing ammunition stored there. Royal troops opened fire, killing a hundred people, but the crowd prevailed, seized the governor of the fortress, cut off his head, and carried it about town on the end of a pike. The fall of the Bastille, like the fall of the Berlin Wall two hundred years later, became an important symbol of the Revolution, and that day, Bastille Day, is still celebrated as a French national holiday, complete with fireworks and parades.

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A Concise History of Modern Europe: Liberty, Equality, Solidarity by David S. Mason

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