By Simon Hornblower
This can be the 1st quantity of a two-volume old and literary observation at the 8 books of Thucydides, the good fifth-century B.C. historian of the Peloponnesian battle among Athens and Sparta. Exploring either the ancient and literary elements of the paintings, this observation presents translations of each passage or word of Greek commented on and permits readers with little wisdom of the language to understand the aspect of Thucydides' paintings. Making available the aspect of Thucydides' notion and subject material, this is often the 1st whole statement written by means of a unmarried writer this century.
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Additional info for A Commentary on Thucydides, Volume 1: Books I - III
F. , has a useful discussion of the present passage. The actual situation of the earliest colonial Greek cities was rather different. Here the early pattern was for an off-shore island to be occupied and then for the colonists to establish a bridgehead and move across permanently when they were strong enough to maintain themselves against native resistance. A good example is the settlement, in c 750, first of the island of Pithecusae in the Bay of Naples, then of Cumae on the mainland: ‘primo in insulas Aenariam et Pithecusas egressi, deinde in continentem ausi sedes transferre’, Livy, viii.
4 below), which baldly gives the royal sequence Pelops-Atreus-Thyestes-Agamemnon. ’s version of the myth, Pelops son of Tantalos was an oriental from Lydia or Phrygia; Eurystheus was grandson of Perseus and son of Sthenelos. Sthenelos had married Nikippe the sister of Atreus and Thyestes. Chrysippos was the half-brother of Atreus and Thyestes, son of Pelops by a previous marriage (so Hellanikos). Atreus and Thyestes killed Chrysippos and were banished by Pelops; Eurystheus, embarking on an expedition to Attica against the children of Herakles, entrusted his kingdom of Mycenae to his uncle, the banished Atreus.
AXAov levai auTu: ‘from a desire to protect his growing revenues’. The first use of the important word npoaoSoi, ‘revenues’, which will recur both in the Archaeology (i. ) and in some later chapters which give essential material about Athenian imperial finance (ii. 13, resources at the beginning of the war; iv. 108, Amphipolis; vii. 28, economic damage suffered after Spartan occupation of Dekeleia), not to mention various speeches on this theme. ] suggests that 22 The Thalassocracy o fMinos Minos tried to regularize his revenues, which is a possible hypothesis but for which there is no evidence’.
A Commentary on Thucydides, Volume 1: Books I - III by Simon Hornblower